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Many physical ailments are best alleviated through the help of physical therapy. These conditions may be caused by fractures, injuries, strokes, arthritis, heart attack, as well as Alzheimer’s disease. Physical therapy aims to treat and rehabilitate the patient to help him return to his daily activities and prevent further injury. Below is a list of the most common injuries that are treated with physical therapy.

Sports Injuriescommon injuries that need physical therapy

Plantar fasciitis occurs on the plantar fascia, the tissue that comprises the arch of the foot. Due to inflammation, the patient feels a sharp and stabbing pain on the inside of his heel to the base of the arch.

Another common sports injury is IT Band syndrome. The IT Band is a band of tissue that begins from the hip to the outside of the knee. Inflammation of the IT Band gives shooting pain on the outside of the knee and is a common injury for runners who wear old shoes.

Lastly, the tennis elbow is caused by the repeating gripping and turning of hand and overusing the forearm muscles. Patients with this condition feel a burning pain on the outside of the elbow.


Older people suffer from the two types of arthritis: osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Through physical therapy, arthritis can reduce the patient’s discomfort using different treatment methods, such as posture and mechanics training, pain management, and stretching and strengthening techniques.

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease that can cause bone spurs at the joints as the illness progresses. The patient’s movements become very limited and he experiences muscle weakness.

Rheumatoid arthritis is a connective tissue disease that can cause painful flare-ups in the joints due to the erosion of the cartilage.

Lower Back Pain

Lower back pain is a common injury caused by too much bending, lifting, twisting, and even sitting for long periods of time. Through good posture and exercise, patients can help themselves prevent lower back pain. But if the pain lasts longer and the patient experiences loss of bowel or bladder control, numbness in the groin, and consistent pain even after resting, he should seek the help of a physical therapist. The lower back pain may be caused by a more serious condition, such as lumbar sprain, sciatica, hernias, and disc bulge.

Shoulder Pain

Shoulder pain may be caused by different shoulder injuries, such as rotator cuff injury, tears in the ligaments or tendons, or Impingement Syndrome. Physical therapy can help the patient deal with the pain through muscle strengthening, control of the inflammation, and mobilization of the soft tissue. If the case is too severe, surgery may be required as well.


Too much motion or strain at the joint site can cause the bursas to become inflamed and lead to bursitis. Bursitis can occur in different parts of the body, including the hips, buttocks, shoulders, and groin. Physical therapy can help educate the patient on proper body movement so as not to provoke bursitis. Pain management methods and muscles stretches and strengthening are also provided to the patient.

If you are experiencing any of the above injuries, talk to your physical therapist to assist you in getting comprehensive targeted care that’s perfect for your illness. Watch this video to learn more about the different offerings of a physical therapy clinic and find the best services for your condition.


Categories: Some Kind of Medicine

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